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addition,multiplication and transpose of matrices

Discussion in 'C' started by Ziaur Rahman, Oct 26, 2006.

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  1. Ziaur Rahman

    Ziaur Rahman New Member

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    Occupation:
    Student
    Location:
    Pune
    Code:
    /*Progarm for addition,transpose and multiplication of array*/
    #include<stdio.h>
    #include<conio.h>
    void main()
    {
     int a,i,k,j,c1,c2,r1,r2;
     int m1[10][10],m2[10][10],m3[10][10];
     clrscr();
     while(1)
     {
    
     printf("\n 1. Transpose of Matrix:-\n");
     printf("\n 2. Addition of Matrix:-\n");
     printf("\n 3. Multiplication of Matrix:-\n");
     printf("\n 4. Exit\n");
     printf("\n Enter your choice:-");
     scanf("%d",&a);
     switch(a)
     {
     case 1 :
     printf("\n Enter the number of row and coloum:-");
     scanf("%d%d",&r1,&c1);
     printf("\n Enter the element :-");
     for(i=0;i<r1;i++)
     {
     for(j=0;j<c1;j++)
     {
     scanf("%d",&m1[i][j]);
     m2[j][i]=m1[i][j];
     }
     }
     /*Displaying transpose of matrix*/
     printf("\n Transpose of Matrix is:-\n");
     for(i=0;i<r1;i++)
     {
     for(j=0;j<c1;j++)
     printf("\t%d",m2[i][j]);
     printf("\n");
     }
     break;
      case 2:
     printf("\n how many row and coloum in Matrix one:-");
     scanf("%d%d",&r1,&c1);
     printf("\n How amny row and coloum in Matrix two:-");
     scanf("%d%d",&r2,&c2);
     if((r1==r2)&&(c1==c2))
     {
     printf("\n Addition is possible:-");
     printf("\n Input Matrix one:-");
     for(i=0;i<r1;i++)
     {
     for(j=0;j<c1;j++)
     scanf("%d",&m1[i][j]);
     }
     printf("\n Input Matrix two:-");
     for(i=0;i<r2;i++)
     {
     for(j=0;j<c2;j++)
     scanf("%d",&m2[i][j]);
     }
     /* Addition of Matrix*/
     for(i=0;i<r1;i++)
     {
     for(j=0;j<c1;j++)
     m3[i][j]=m1[i][j]+ m2[i][j];
     }
     printf("\n The sum is:-\n");
     for(i=0;i<c1;i++)
     {
     for(j=0;j<r1;j++)
     printf("%5d",m3[i][j]);
     printf("\n");
     }
     }
     else
     printf("\n Addition is not possible:-");
    
    	break;
      case 3:
    
      printf("\n Enter number of row and coloum in matrix one:-");
      scanf("%d%d",&r1,&c1);
      printf("\n Enter number of row and coloum in matrix two:-");
      scanf("%d%d",&r2,&c2);
      if(c1==r2)
      {
      printf("\n Multiplication is possible:-");
      printf("\n Input value of Matrix one:-");
      for(i=0;i<r1;i++)
      {
      for(j=0;j<c1;j++)
      scanf("%d",&m1[i][j]);
      }
      printf("\n Input value of Matrix two:-");
      for(i=0;i<r2;i++)
      {
      for(j=0;j<c2;j++)
      scanf("%d",&m2[i][j]);
      }
      for(i=0;i<r1;i++)
      for(j=0;j<c2;j++)
      {
      m3[i][j]=0;
      for(k=0;k<c1;k++)
      m3[i][j]=m3[i][j]+m1[i][k]*m2[k][j];
      }
      /*Displaying final matrix*/
      printf("\n Multiplication of Matrix:-\n");
      for(i=0;i<r1;i++)
      {
      for(j=0;j<c2;j++)
      printf("\t%d",m3[i][j]);
      printf("\n");
      }
      }
      else
      printf("\n Multiplication is not possible");
    
    break;
      case 4:
    	exit(0);
    }
    getch();
    }
    }
     
    Last edited by a moderator: Oct 26, 2006
  2. shabbir

    shabbir Administrator Staff Member

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    Duplicate of [thread=1731]Addition,transpose and multiplication of Matrix[/thread] article. Thread closed.
     
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