All About Windows Registry And Registry Editing!

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This is an article on All About Windows Registry And Registry Editing! in Windows.

What is Registry?



Registry is a database where Windows stores all types of settings and option related information, in other word, it consists of all information regarding hardware, software, users etc. Now, in place of Win 95 or 98, registry was build up with two hidden files - USER.DAT & SYSTEM.DAT, but now it consists with another file. Named CLASSES.DAT


The structure of registry



Registry is a Hierarchical Structure, just like our disk’s directory tree or Windows explorer. Now if we run the registry editor (Start -> Run -> Regedit), then we will find six main braches, called HIVE. Each hives contains some keys, now every key contains some subkey or value. This value stores all the information in the Registry!
All The Six Hives Of Registry.

1. HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT – It contains all the information related to File Association, OLE and Windows Shorten.
2. HKEY_CURRENT_USER – It consists of all the information for a particular active user who is in log on condition, e.g, logon names, desktop settings or start up menu etc.
3. HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE – This hive contains all hardware and software related information.
4. HKEY_USERS – It contains all information related to users. For every user, there exists a SID subkey.
5. HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG – It stores hardware configuration setting related information of current user related to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE.
6. HKEY_DYN_DATA – It stores all information about plug-n-play devices.

Every registry value contains 5 ata types –
REG_BINARY – Here data gathered in Raw binary format, basically it contains binary data related to Hardware component.
REG_DWORD – Here data stored in as byte number. It consists boolesn values e.g, ‘0’ or Disable and ‘1’ or Enable.
REG_MULTI_SZ – Here data stores as multiple string and null character separates each other data.
REG_SZ – Here data stored as simple readable text in standard string form.

EDITING THE REGISTRY



If you open the registry editor you will find a simple ecplorer type window. Which consists of two parts, left side is called Navigation Pane, here we can find all the hives with + and – signs. If we click + sign, the hive will expand and all the key and subkeys will be displayed. And at the right side we will find the values of the key.
To change any value of any key, just double click on it and if you want to delete it, simple right click on it and select delete.
Related to this thing, you can view my this previous article

Some Important Registry Editing!
1. How to know System BIOS information?
Find the key
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/HARDWARE/DESCRIPTION/System
Now, at the right side you’ll see some keys, among them, view specified keys-
SystemBiosDate, SystemBiosVersion, etc.

2. How to know full information of your processor?
Find the key
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/HARDWARE/DESCRIPTION/System/Central/Processor/O
Under this hive, you will see many keys, check all these keys to know your processor information! But do not modify it! Some times you’ll find values in Hexadecimal system, in that case, simply switch to decimal mode!

3. How to disable Autorun feature on Windows?
Find the key
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\Curre ntVersion\policies\Explorer\NoDriveTypeAutorun
Please follow the codes
Code:
Value				Meaning
	0x1 or 0x80			Disables AutoRun on drives of unknown type
	0x4				Disables AutoRun on removable drives
	0x8				Disables AutoRun on fixed drives
	0x10				Disables AutoRun on network drives
	0x20				Disables AutoRun on CD-ROM drives
	0x40				Disables AutoRun on RAM disks
	0Xff				Disables AutoRun on all kinds of drives
Default Values
Code:
Value				Operating System
	0x91				Windows Server 2008 and Windows Vista
	0x95				Windows Server 2003
	0x91				Windows XP
	0x95				Windows 2000
That’s All About Registry And Registry Editing!
While editing the registry, don’t forget to make restore point, because wrong editing of registry may crash your Windows!
Be Careful and Enjoy!
shabbir's Avatar, Join Date: Jul 2004
Go4Expert Founder
Nominate this article for Article of the month - Nov 2009
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Hello, this is great article. I have blog and I thanks to say you thanks. Regards!
pankaj.sea's Avatar, Join Date: Apr 2009
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Quote:
Originally Posted by rasd123 View Post
Hello, this is great article. I have blog and I thanks to say you thanks. Regards!
You Welcome...
rasd123's Avatar
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I like this's, cool!
technica's Avatar, Join Date: Dec 2007
CoderByNature
Never found such good article for understanding Registry. Thanks for writing it.
shabbir's Avatar, Join Date: Jul 2004
Go4Expert Founder
Vote this article for Article of the month - November 2009
rasd123's Avatar
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Right on, write on about whatever you feel best.
venkyw's Avatar, Join Date: Dec 2010
Newbie Member
How to disable installation in my xp system
av3lard's Avatar, Join Date: May 2012
Go4Expert Member
well dude, i do admit that this thread helps me a lot understanding Registry. Thank you to this