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Creating & Extracting 7z Archives on Linux

Discussion in 'Linux' started by pradeep, Feb 20, 2013.

  1. pradeep

    pradeep Team Leader

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    7z is a compressed archive format which has a modular structure so the user can select the compression method, encryption method, block compression, unicode file names and support for very large files. 7z has been gaining popularity, and it offers great amount of compression of files so it's suited for many purposes, so here today we'll look at installing and using 7z on Linux.

    Installing 7z



    If you are on CentOS, Fedora etc. use the following command to install 7zip:

    Code:
    $ yum install 7zip
    
    On ArchLinux:

    Code:
    $ pacman -S p7zip
    
    On Ubuntu & other Debian derivatives:

    Code:
    $ sudo apt-get install p7zip-full
    
    You'll get 3 binaries after install, namely 7z, 7za, & 7zr, the difference between each is as follows:

    7z needs plugins to handle all archives.
    7za is a standalone executable binary. 7za handles fewer archive formats than 7z, but is independent.
    7zr is a "light-version" of 7za & standalone executable binary. 7zr handles fewer archive formats than 7z, but is independent.

    Creating Archives



    The command to create an archive is something like the following:

    Code:
    7z a <archive_name> <files/directories>
    
    Here's an example:

    Code:
    [pradeep@home-desktop pradeep]# ls -lR
    .:
    total 4
    drwxr-xr-x 2 pradeep pradeep 4096 Feb 20 03:12 Anjali
    
    ./Anjali:
    total 24
    -rw-r--r-- 1 pradeep pradeep 1024 Feb 20 03:10 alphabets.txt
    -rw-r--r-- 1 pradeep pradeep 2323 Feb 20 03:12 friends.txt
    -rw-r--r-- 1 pradeep pradeep 4532 Feb 20 03:11 mom-n-dad.txt
    -rw-r--r-- 1 pradeep pradeep 5432 Feb 20 03:11 numbers.txt
    [pradeep@home-desktop pradeep]# 7z a Anjali.7z Anjali
    
    7-Zip 9.20  Copyright (c) 1999-2010 Igor Pavlov  2010-11-18
    p7zip Version 9.20 (locale=C,Utf16=off,HugeFiles=on,2 CPUs)
    Scanning
    
    Creating archive Anjali.7z
    
    Compressing  Anjali/alphabets.txt
    Compressing  Anjali/friends.txt
    Compressing  Anjali/mom-n-dad.txt
    Compressing  Anjali/numbers.txt
    
    Everything is Ok
    

    Inflating Archives



    You can extract files from archives by using the e argument with 7z command. Here's an example:

    Code:
    [pradeep@home-desktop Asha]# 7z e Anjali.7z
    
    7-Zip 9.20  Copyright (c) 1999-2010 Igor Pavlov  2010-11-18
    p7zip Version 9.20 (locale=C,Utf16=off,HugeFiles=on,2 CPUs)
    
    Processing archive: Anjali.7z
    
    Extracting  Anjali/alphabets.txt
    Extracting  Anjali/friends.txt
    Extracting  Anjali/mom-n-dad.txt
    Extracting  Anjali/numbers.txt
    Extracting  Anjali
    
    Everything is Ok
    
    Folders: 1
    Files: 4
    Size:       13311
    Compressed: 13733
    [pradeep@home-desktop Asha]# ls -lR
    .:
    total 44
    drwxr-xr-x 2 pradeep pradeep  4096 Feb 20 03:12 Anjali
    -rw-r--r-- 1 pradeep pradeep 13733 Feb 20 03:13 Anjali.7z
    -rw-r--r-- 1 pradeep pradeep  1024 Feb 20 03:10 alphabets.txt
    -rw-r--r-- 1 pradeep pradeep  2323 Feb 20 03:12 friends.txt
    -rw-r--r-- 1 pradeep pradeep  4532 Feb 20 03:11 mom-n-dad.txt
    -rw-r--r-- 1 pradeep pradeep  5432 Feb 20 03:11 numbers.txt
    
    ./Anjali:
    total 0
    
    If you have noticed we see that all files have been extracted into the same folder, which is not friendly at all times, this can be fixed by using the x argument instead of e. See the example below:

    Code:
    [pradeep@home-desktop Asha]# 7z x Anjali.7z
    
    7-Zip 9.20  Copyright (c) 1999-2010 Igor Pavlov  2010-11-18
    p7zip Version 9.20 (locale=C,Utf16=off,HugeFiles=on,2 CPUs)
    
    Processing archive: Anjali.7z
    
    Extracting  Anjali/alphabets.txt
    Extracting  Anjali/friends.txt
    Extracting  Anjali/mom-n-dad.txt
    Extracting  Anjali/numbers.txt
    Extracting  Anjali
    
    Everything is Ok
    
    Folders: 1
    Files: 4
    Size:       13311
    Compressed: 13733
    [pradeep@home-desktop Asha]# ls -lR
    .:
    total 20
    drwxr-xr-x 2 pradeep pradeep  4096 Feb 20 03:12 Anjali
    -rw-r--r-- 1 pradeep pradeep 13733 Feb 20 03:20 Anjali.7z
    
    ./Anjali:
    total 24
    -rw-r--r-- 1 pradeep pradeep 1024 Feb 20 03:10 alphabets.txt
    -rw-r--r-- 1 pradeep pradeep 2323 Feb 20 03:12 friends.txt
    -rw-r--r-- 1 pradeep pradeep 4532 Feb 20 03:11 mom-n-dad.txt
    -rw-r--r-- 1 pradeep pradeep 5432 Feb 20 03:11 numbers.txt
    

    Listing Files in a Archive



    You can list the files in an archive using the argument l, see example below:

    Code:
    [pradeep@home-desktop Asha]# 7z l Anjali.7z
    
    7-Zip 9.20  Copyright (c) 1999-2010 Igor Pavlov  2010-11-18
    p7zip Version 9.20 (locale=C,Utf16=off,HugeFiles=on,2 CPUs)
    
    Listing archive: Anjali.7z
    
    --
    Path = Anjali.7z
    Type = 7z
    Method = LZMA
    Solid = +
    Blocks = 1
    Physical Size = 13733
    Headers Size = 252
    
       Date      Time    Attr         Size   Compressed  Name
    ------------------- ----- ------------ ------------  ------------------------
    2013-02-20 03:10:36 ....A         1024        13481  Anjali/alphabets.txt
    2013-02-20 03:12:18 ....A         2323               Anjali/friends.txt
    2013-02-20 03:11:29 ....A         4532               Anjali/mom-n-dad.txt
    2013-02-20 03:11:08 ....A         5432               Anjali/numbers.txt
    2013-02-20 03:12:18 D....            0            0  Anjali
    ------------------- ----- ------------ ------------  ------------------------
                                     13311        13481  4 files, 1 folders
    
    Enjoy compressing :)
     

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