# How do I sort an array of cstrings?

Discussion in 'C' started by jj_evans, Jul 30, 2010.

1. ### jj_evansNew Member

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I need to sort an array of cstrings in ascending order. the cstrings are names and i have to list them all in alphabetical order. The problem is I don't know how to determing which cstring comes first. Below is my code for sorting integers please let me know what to modify to sort cstrings in as much detail as you can. Thank you!

Code:
```void swap(int& a, int& b)
{
int temp;
temp=a;
a=b;
b=temp;
}

int indexmin(int a[], int start, int arraysize)
{
int min = a[start], indexofmin=start;

for(int b=start+1; b<arraysize; b++)
if(a[b] < min)
{
min = a[b];
indexofmin = b;
}
return indexofmin;
}
void sort(int array[], int arraysize)
{
int indexofnextsmallest;

for(int x=0; x<arraysize; x++){
indexofnextsmallest = indexmin(array, x, arraysize);
swap(array[x], array[indexofnextsmallest]);
}
}

int search(int array[], int arraysize, int target)
{
int index=0;
bool found = false;
while (!found && index<arraysize){

if(target==array[index])
found=true;
else
index++;
}
if(found)

return index;
else

return -1;
}```

Last edited by a moderator: Jul 31, 2010
2. ### virxenActive Member

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like this

Code:
```#include<stdio.h>
#include<string.h>
#include<stdlib.h>

void swap(char **str1_ptr, char **str2_ptr)
{
char *temp = *str1_ptr;
*str1_ptr = *str2_ptr;
*str2_ptr = temp;
}

int indexmin(char **a, int start, int arraysize){
char *min = a[start];
int indexofmin=start;
for(int b=start+1; b<arraysize; b++)
if(strcmp(a[b] ,min)<0){
min = a[b];
indexofmin = b;
}
return indexofmin;
}

void sort(char **array, int arraysize){
int indexofnextsmallest;
for(int x=0; x<arraysize; x++){

indexofnextsmallest = indexmin(array, x, arraysize);

swap(&array[x], &array[indexofnextsmallest]);
}
}

int search(char **array, int arraysize, char *target){
int index=0;
bool found = false;
while (!found && index<arraysize){
if(strcmp(target,array[index])==0)
found=true;
else
index++;
}
if(found)
return index;
else
return -1;
}

int main(){
char **a=(char **) malloc(4*sizeof(char *));
for (int i=0;i<4;i++)
a[i]=(char *) malloc(50*sizeof(char));

a="xxxxxxx";
a="aaaaa";
a="cccc";
a="bbbbbbbbb";
printf("\nbefore sort....\n");
for (int i=0;i<4;i++)
printf("%s\n",a[i]);
sort(a,4);
printf("\nafter sort....\n");
for (int i=0;i<4;i++)
printf("%s\n",a[i]);
getchar();
}

```

3. ### jj_evansNew Member

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virxen, thank you very much for your reply! It was extremely helpful. The only thing I don't get is isn't a c-string a multi-dimensional array? if so, shouldnt we use the two brackets when doing the prototype as in void sort(char array[][SIZE]?

btw, I only use the include <iostream> & include <fstream> & using namespace std;

Joined:
Jul 23, 2010
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