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punith 4Sep2007 12:43

gcc error !
 
Hi all

Just tried to compile a c code which i downloaded from net for my project
getting an error with it . Code is too big to copy paste

gcc test.c
/usr/lib/gcc/i586-suse-linux/4.1.2/../../../crt1.o: In function `_start':
(.text+0x18): undefined reference to `main'
collect2: ld returned 1 exit status
Any help ll be appreciated

punith 4Sep2007 12:54

gcc error !
 
Quote:

Originally Posted by punith
Hi all

Just tried to compile a c code which i downloaded from net for my project
getting an error with it . Code is too big to copy paste

gcc test.c
/usr/lib/gcc/i586-suse-linux/4.1.2/../../../crt1.o: In function `_start':
(.text+0x18): undefined reference to `main'
collect2: ld returned 1 exit status
Any help ll be appreciated


I am adding the code
-------------------------------
----------------------start----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Code:

/* An implementation of the GSM A3A8 algorithm.  (Specifically, COMP128.)
 */

/* Copyright 1998, Marc Briceno, Ian Goldberg, and David Wagner.
 * All rights reserved.
 */

/*
 * For expository purposes only.  Coded in C merely because C is a much
 * more precise, concise form of expression for these purposes.  See Judge
 * Patel if you have any problems with this...
 * Of course, it's only authentication, so it should be exportable for the
 * usual boring reasons.
 */

typedef unsigned char Byte;

#include <stdio.h>
/* #define TEST */
 
/*
 * rand[0..15]: the challenge from the base station
 * key[0..15]: the SIM's A3/A8 long-term key Ki
 * simoutput[0..11]: what you'd get back if you fed rand and key to a real
 * SIM.
 *
 *  The GSM spec states that simoutput[0..3] is SRES,
 *  and simoutput[4..11] is Kc (the A5 session key).
 *  (See GSM 11.11, Section 8.16.  See also the leaked document
 *  referenced below.)
 *  Note that Kc is bits 74..127 of the COMP128 output, followed by 10
 *  zeros.
 *  In other words, A5 is keyed with only 54 bits of entropy. This
 *  represents a deliberate weakening of the key used for voice privacy
 *  by a factor of over 1000.
 *
 * Verified with a Pacific Bell Schlumberger SIM.  Your mileage may vary.
 *
 * Marc Briceno <marc@scard.org>, Ian Goldberg <iang@cs.berkeley.edu>,
 * and David Wagner <daw@cs.berkeley.edu>
 */

void A3A8(/* in */ Byte rand[16], /* in */ Byte key[16],
        /* out */ Byte simoutput[12]);

/* The compression tables. */
static const Byte table_0[512] = {
        102,177,186,162,  2,156,112, 75, 55, 25,  8, 12,251,193,246,188,
        109,213,151, 53, 42, 79,191,115,233,242,164,223,209,148,108,161,
        252, 37,244, 47, 64,211,  6,237,185,160,139,113, 76,138, 59, 70,
        67, 26, 13,157, 63,179,221, 30,214, 36,166, 69,152,124,207,116,
        247,194, 41, 84, 71,  1, 49, 14, 95, 35,169, 21, 96, 78,215,225,
        182,243, 28, 92,201,118,  4, 74,248,128, 17, 11,146,132,245, 48,
        149, 90,120, 39, 87,230,106,232,175, 19,126,190,202,141,137,176,
        250, 27,101, 40,219,227, 58, 20, 51,178, 98,216,140, 22, 32,121,
        61,103,203, 72, 29,110, 85,212,180,204,150,183, 15, 66,172,196,
        56,197,158,  0,100, 45,153,  7,144,222,163,167, 60,135,210,231,
        174,165, 38,249,224, 34,220,229,217,208,241, 68,206,189,125,255,
        239, 54,168, 89,123,122, 73,145,117,234,143, 99,129,200,192, 82,
        104,170,136,235, 93, 81,205,173,236, 94,105, 52, 46,228,198,  5,
        57,254, 97,155,142,133,199,171,187, 50, 65,181,127,107,147,226,
        184,218,131, 33, 77, 86, 31, 44, 88, 62,238, 18, 24, 43,154, 23,
        80,159,134,111,  9,114,  3, 91, 16,130, 83, 10,195,240,253,119,
        177,102,162,186,156,  2, 75,112, 25, 55, 12,  8,193,251,188,246,
        213,109, 53,151, 79, 42,115,191,242,233,223,164,148,209,161,108,
        37,252, 47,244,211, 64,237,  6,160,185,113,139,138, 76, 70, 59,
        26, 67,157, 13,179, 63, 30,221, 36,214, 69,166,124,152,116,207,
        194,247, 84, 41,  1, 71, 14, 49, 35, 95, 21,169, 78, 96,225,215,
        243,182, 92, 28,118,201, 74,  4,128,248, 11, 17,132,146, 48,245,
        90,149, 39,120,230, 87,232,106, 19,175,190,126,141,202,176,137,
        27,250, 40,101,227,219, 20, 58,178, 51,216, 98, 22,140,121, 32,
        103, 61, 72,203,110, 29,212, 85,204,180,183,150, 66, 15,196,172,
        197, 56,  0,158, 45,100,  7,153,222,144,167,163,135, 60,231,210,
        165,174,249, 38, 34,224,229,220,208,217, 68,241,189,206,255,125,
        54,239, 89,168,122,123,145, 73,234,117, 99,143,200,129, 82,192,
        170,104,235,136, 81, 93,173,205, 94,236, 52,105,228, 46,  5,198,
        254, 57,155, 97,133,142,171,199, 50,187,181, 65,107,127,226,147,
        218,184, 33,131, 86, 77, 44, 31, 62, 88, 18,238, 43, 24, 23,154,
        159, 80,111,134,114,  9, 91,  3,130, 16, 10, 83,240,195,119,253
    }, table_1[256] = {
        19, 11, 80,114, 43,  1, 69, 94, 39, 18,127,117, 97,  3, 85, 43,
        27,124, 70, 83, 47, 71, 63, 10, 47, 89, 79,  4, 14, 59, 11,  5,
        35,107,103, 68, 21, 86, 36, 91, 85,126, 32, 50,109, 94,120,  6,
        53, 79, 28, 45, 99, 95, 41, 34, 88, 68, 93, 55,110,125,105, 20,
        90, 80, 76, 96, 23, 60, 89, 64,121, 56, 14, 74,101,  8, 19, 78,
        76, 66,104, 46,111, 50, 32,  3, 39,  0, 58, 25, 92, 22, 18, 51,
        57, 65,119,116, 22,109,  7, 86, 59, 93, 62,110, 78, 99, 77, 67,
        12,113, 87, 98,102,  5, 88, 33, 38, 56, 23,  8, 75, 45, 13, 75,
        95, 63, 28, 49,123,120, 20,112, 44, 30, 15, 98,106,  2,103, 29,
        82,107, 42,124, 24, 30, 41, 16,108,100,117, 40, 73, 40,  7,114,
        82,115, 36,112, 12,102,100, 84, 92, 48, 72, 97,  9, 54, 55, 74,
        113,123, 17, 26, 53, 58,  4,  9, 69,122, 21,118, 42, 60, 27, 73,
        118,125, 34, 15, 65,115, 84, 64, 62, 81, 70,  1, 24,111,121, 83,
        104, 81, 49,127, 48,105, 31, 10,  6, 91, 87, 37, 16, 54,116,126,
        31, 38, 13,  0, 72,106, 77, 61, 26, 67, 46, 29, 96, 37, 61, 52,
        101, 17, 44,108, 71, 52, 66, 57, 33, 51, 25, 90,  2,119,122, 35
    }, table_2[128] = {
        52, 50, 44,  6, 21, 49, 41, 59, 39, 51, 25, 32, 51, 47, 52, 43,
        37,  4, 40, 34, 61, 12, 28,  4, 58, 23,  8, 15, 12, 22,  9, 18,
        55, 10, 33, 35, 50,  1, 43,  3, 57, 13, 62, 14,  7, 42, 44, 59,
        62, 57, 27,  6,  8, 31, 26, 54, 41, 22, 45, 20, 39,  3, 16, 56,
        48,  2, 21, 28, 36, 42, 60, 33, 34, 18,  0, 11, 24, 10, 17, 61,
        29, 14, 45, 26, 55, 46, 11, 17, 54, 46,  9, 24, 30, 60, 32,  0,
        20, 38,  2, 30, 58, 35,  1, 16, 56, 40, 23, 48, 13, 19, 19, 27,
        31, 53, 47, 38, 63, 15, 49,  5, 37, 53, 25, 36, 63, 29,  5,  7
    }, table_3[64] = {
          1,  5, 29,  6, 25,  1, 18, 23, 17, 19,  0,  9, 24, 25,  6, 31,
        28, 20, 24, 30,  4, 27,  3, 13, 15, 16, 14, 18,  4,  3,  8,  9,
        20,  0, 12, 26, 21,  8, 28,  2, 29,  2, 15,  7, 11, 22, 14, 10,
        17, 21, 12, 30, 26, 27, 16, 31, 11,  7, 13, 23, 10,  5, 22, 19
    }, table_4[32] = {
        15, 12, 10,  4,  1, 14, 11,  7,  5,  0, 14,  7,  1,  2, 13,  8,
        10,  3,  4,  9,  6,  0,  3,  2,  5,  6,  8,  9, 11, 13, 15, 12
    }, *table[5] = { table_0, table_1, table_2, table_3, table_4 };

/*
 * This code derived from a leaked document from the GSM standards.
 * Some missing pieces were filled in by reverse-engineering a working SIM.
 * We have verified that this is the correct COMP128 algorithm.
 *
 * The first page of the document identifies it as
 *      _Technical Information: GSM System Security Study_.
 *      10-1617-01, 10th June 1988.
 * The bottom of the title page is marked
 *      Racal Research Ltd.
 *      Worton Drive, Worton Grange Industrial Estate,
 *      Reading, Berks. RG2 0SB, England.
 *      Telephone: Reading (0734) 868601  Telex: 847152
 * The relevant bits are in Part I, Section 20 (pages 66--67).  Enjoy!
 *
 * Note: There are three typos in the spec (discovered by
 * reverse-engineering).
 * First, "z = (2 * x[n] + x[n]) mod 2^(9-j)" should clearly read
 * "z = (2 * x[m] + x[n]) mod 2^(9-j)".
 * Second, the "k" loop in the "Form bits from bytes" section is severely
 * botched: the k index should run only from 0 to 3, and clearly the range
 * on "the (8-k)th bit of byte j" is also off (should be 0..7, not 1..8,
 * to be consistent with the subsequent section).
 * Third, SRES is taken from the first 8 nibbles of x[], not the last 8 as
 * claimed in the document.  (And the document doesn't specify how Kc is
 * derived, but that was also easily discovered with reverse engineering.)
 * All of these typos have been corrected in the following code.
 */

void A3A8(/* in */ Byte rand[16], /* in */ Byte key[16],
        /* out */ Byte simoutput[12])
{
        Byte x[32], bit[128];
        int i, j, k, l, m, n, y, z, next_bit;

        /* ( Load RAND into last 16 bytes of input ) */
        for (i=16; i<32; i++)
                x[i] = rand[i-16];

        /* ( Loop eight times ) */
        for (i=1; i<9; i++) {
                /* ( Load key into first 16 bytes of input ) */
                for (j=0; j<16; j++)
                        x[j] = key[j];
                /* ( Perform substitutions ) */
                for (j=0; j<5; j++)
                        for (k=0; k<(1<<j); k++)
                                for (l=0; l<(1<<(4-j)); l++) {
                                        m = l + k*(1<<(5-j));
                                        n = m + (1<<(4-j));
                                        y = (x[m]+2*x[n]) % (1<<(9-j));
                                        z = (2*x[m]+x[n]) % (1<<(9-j));
                                        x[m] = table[j][y];
                                        x[n] = table[j][z];
                                }
                /* ( Form bits from bytes ) */
                for (j=0; j<32; j++)
                        for (k=0; k<4; k++)
                                bit[4*j+k] = (x[j]>>(3-k)) & 1;
                /* ( Permutation but not on the last loop ) */
                if (i < 8)
                        for (j=0; j<16; j++) {
                                x[j+16] = 0;
                                for (k=0; k<8; k++) {
                                        next_bit = ((8*j + k)*17) % 128;
                                        x[j+16] |= bit[next_bit] << (7-k);
                                }
                        }
        }

        /*
        * ( At this stage the vector x[] consists of 32 nibbles.
        *  The first 8 of these are taken as the output SRES. )
        */

        /* The remainder of the code is not given explicitly in the
        * standard, but was derived by reverse-engineering.
        */

        for (i=0; i<4; i++)
                simoutput[i] = (x[2*i]<<4) | x[2*i+1];
        for (i=0; i<6; i++)
                simoutput[4+i] = (x[2*i+18]<<6) | (x[2*i+18+1]<<2)
                                | (x[2*i+18+2]>>2);
        simoutput[4+6] = (x[2*6+18]<<6) | (x[2*6+18+1]<<2);
        simoutput[4+7] = 0;
}


#ifdef TEST
int hextoint(char x)
{
        x = toupper(x);
        if (x >= 'A' && x <= 'F')
                return x-'A'+10;
        else if (x >= '0' && x <= '9')
                return x-'0';
        fprintf(stderr, "bad input.\n");
        exit(1);
}

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
        Byte key[16], rand[16], simoutput[12];
        int i;

        if (argc != 3 || strlen(argv[1]) != 34 || strlen(argv[2]) != 34
                        || strncmp(argv[1], "0x", 2) != 0
                        || strncmp(argv[2], "0x", 2) != 0) {
                fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s 0x<key> 0x<rand>\n", argv[0]);
                exit(1);
        }

        for (i=0; i<16; i++)
                key[i] = (hextoint(argv[1][2*i+2])<<4)
                        | hextoint(argv[1][2*i+3]);
        for (i=0; i<16; i++)
                rand[i] = (hextoint(argv[2][2*i+2])<<4)
                        | hextoint(argv[2][2*i+3]);
        A3A8(key, rand, simoutput);
        printf("simoutput: ");
        for (i=0; i<12; i++)
                printf("%02X", simoutput[i]);
        printf("\n");
        return 0;
}
#endif

------------------------**--END ---------------------------------------------------
root: ~/punith #

DaWei 4Sep2007 16:37

Re: gcc error !
 
Uncomment the #define TEST.

arvind_khadri 5Sep2007 19:41

Re: gcc error !
 
hi punith try this
"
sudo apt-cdrom add
sudo apt-get install build-essential
sudo apt-get install libc6-dev"
this'll solve ur prob!!!!

DaWei 5Sep2007 19:46

Re: gcc error !
 
That won't solve his problem unless he uncomments #define TEST. The main function follows a preprocessor directive, #ifdef TEST, that will prevent the main function (and other functions in that block) from being submitted to the compiler.

punith 5Sep2007 23:14

Re: gcc error !
 
Ya that worked :-) thanks a lot DaWei


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