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-   -   machine cycle for an instruction (http://www.go4expert.com/forums/machine-cycle-instruction-t4227/)

swaeded 8May2007 10:33

machine cycle for an instruction
 
Hi,

In 8085 instruction,
1 byte instruction takes 1 machine cycle and 4 t-states.
2 byte instruction takes 2 machine cycle and 4+3 t-states.
3 byte instruction takes 4 machine cycle and 4+3+3+3 t-states.

then y out and in instruction which is a 2-byte instruction takes 3- machine cycles....

DaWei 8May2007 16:53

Re: machine cycle for an instruction
 
I can only suggest that you review the logic schematic of the 8085, bearing in mind setup and hold times and prop delays.

vishant103 6Apr2010 22:47

Re: machine cycle for an instruction
 
hello sir can u help me how to count machine cycle?

xpi0t0s 7Apr2010 18:53

Re: machine cycle for an instruction
 
Because your initial assumptions are wrong:
Quote:

1 byte instruction takes 1 machine cycle and 4 t-states.
2 byte instruction takes 2 machine cycle and 4+3 t-states.
3 byte instruction takes 4 machine cycle and 4+3+3+3 t-states.
This may be the *general* rule but it doesn't apply to all instructions. A quick google found http://www.google.co.uk/url?sa=t&sou...I5LB2jCA_ZLjXQ

haha, nasty URL, and it's a PDF, but it lists ADC M as 1 byte and 2 M-cycles (1/2), CALL 3/5, CC is 3/2 if the transfer is not taken but 3/5 if it is, and so on. So it is clear that not all instructions follow your 1/1; 2/2; 3/4 assumption.

So read the documentation in detail and do not assume any generalisation holds for *all* possibilities; this is rarely the case.


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