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shabbir 29May2005 09:09

Difference between Stored procedures and User Defined functions[UDF]
 
The definition of stored procedure as from WIKIPEDIA

Stored procedure
A stored procedure is a program (or procedure) which is physically stored within a database. They are usually written in a proprietary database language like PL/SQL for Oracle database or PL/PgSQL for PostgreSQL. The advantage of a stored procedure is that when it is run, in response to a user request, it is run directly by the database engine, which usually runs on a separate database server. As such, it has direct access to the data it needs to manipulate and only needs to send its results back to the user, doing away with the overhead of communicating large amounts of data back and forth.

User-defined function
A user-defined function is a routine that encapsulates useful logic for use in other queries. While views are limited to a single SELECT statement, user-defined functions can have multiple SELECT statements and provide more powerful logic than is possible with views.

In SQL Server 2000
User defined functions have 3 main categories
  1. Scalar-valued function - returns a scalar value such as an integer or a timestamp. Can be used as column name in queries
  2. Inline function - can contain a single SELECT statement.
  3. Table-valued function - can contain any number of statements that populate the table variable to be returned. They become handy when you need to return a set of rows, but you can't enclose the logic for getting this rowset in a single SELECT statement.
Differences between Stored procedure and User defined functions
  1. UDF can be used in the SQL statements anywhere in the WHERE/HAVING/SELECT section where as Stored procedures cannot be.
  2. UDFs that return tables can be treated as another rowset. This can be used in JOINs with other tables.
  3. Inline UDF's can be though of as views that take parameters and can be used in JOINs and other Rowset operations.
  4. Of course there will be Syntax differences and here is a sample of that
Stored procedure
Code: SQL

CREATE PROCEDURE dbo.StoredProcedure1
  /*
     (
      @parameter1 datatype = default value,
      @parameter2 datatype OUTPUT
     )
  */

  AS
     /* SET NOCOUNT ON */
     RETURN

User defined functions
Code: SQL

CREATE FUNCTION dbo.Function1
     (
     /*
     @parameter1 datatype = default value,
     @parameter2 datatype
     */

     )
  RETURNS /* datatype */
  AS
     BEGIN
      /* sql statement ... */
     RETURN /* value */
     END


sunflowerhot 19Jun2007 15:48

Re: Difference between Stored procedures and User Defined functions[UDF]
 
super

Linda_rose 23Jun2007 15:06

Re: Difference between Stored procedures and User Defined functions[UDF]
 
Where can i find detail information on this topic ?????

Linda
<<Link Removed>>

shabbir 23Jun2007 19:00

Re: Difference between Stored procedures and User Defined functions[UDF]
 
Linda, Please confine your links to signatures only.

krishnakishu 5Jul2007 18:02

Re: Difference between Stored procedures and User Defined functions[UDF]
 
Can i get a link where i can clearly identify the difference between a stored procedure and a function?

shabbir 6Jul2007 09:07

Re: Difference between Stored procedures and User Defined functions[UDF]
 
Quote:

Originally Posted by krishnakishu
Can i get a link where i can clearly identify the difference between a stored procedure and a function?

Your web browser shows the link.

ERUM 26Sep2007 10:59

Re: Difference between Stored procedures and User Defined functions[UDF]
 
I did not get the following statment ....


UDF can be used in the SQL statements anywhere in the WHERE/HAVING/SELECT section where as Stored procedures cannot be.

Could any one please more focus on it

shabbir 26Sep2007 13:41

Re: Difference between Stored procedures and User Defined functions[UDF]
 
You can have UDF in the condition of where clause.

ERUM 17Oct2007 10:22

Re: Difference between Stored procedures and User Defined functions[UDF]
 
i have read some where that significant difference between them is that UDFs can't change the server environment or your operating system environment, while a SPROC can

so my question is that how sp can change server environment or your operating system environment .

I would be grateful to any one if descibe by any example hwo this happens

vikas1234 12Sep2008 16:04

Re: Difference between Stored procedures and User Defined functions[UDF]
 
There is nothing like operating system environment correct me if I am wrong it is just the context environment in which program is executing

anand_vanam 6Apr2010 22:54

Re: Difference between Stored procedures and User Defined functions[UDF]
 
What is the difference between Functions and Stored Procedures?
Answer:
1. Stored procedure supports deferred name resolution: but Function won’t support deferred name resolution.
2. Stored procedures return always an integer value by default zero. Where as function Scalar (single value or table or row set)
3. Stored procedures are precompiled execution plan but functions are not.
4. Functions in sql server can be one of two different types 1.scalar, 2. Table
Stored procedures are 2 types. 1. Regular sp, 2. Temporary sp
5. The result of the user defined function can be used with in a sql server statement. Where as the result of stored procedures can’t be used in sql server statements.
6. Stored procedure allows all functionality provided by a function but the reverse is not true.

satyedra pal 20Apr2010 13:28

Re: Difference between Stored procedures and User Defined functions[UDF]
 
stored procedure is a collection of SQL statements with an given name that's stored in the database in compiled format so that it can be used by more
programs again and again.Stored procedures improve performance by reducing network traffic and CPU load.It is created to performing a large operation like
more then one query execute simulteneously.Stored procedures can return result sets.You can use IF,WHILE,LOOP,ITERATION, CASE statements in store procedure

A user-defined function is a set of SQL statements you can call or set a function by name.user-defined function are similar to procedures,but a
function returns a value to the operation in which it is called.
user defined function use the folowing:
statement
The SET clause in UPDATE statement
WHERE clause
The VALUES clause in INSERT statement
START WITH, ORDER BY, and GROUP BY clauses

webdeveloperr 26May2010 15:59

Re: Difference between Stored procedures and User Defined functions[UDF]
 
nice information

khaleek_ahmad 31Dec2010 12:00

Re: Difference between Stored procedures and User Defined functions[UDF]
 
Procedure can modify the state of Database but Function can not. Function can be called in query but Procedure can not.


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