Macros v/s Functions
In this article we'll be learning how we can improve our C code by using Macros instead of functions. How simple functions can be converted into macros to save on some CPU instructions. Some basic knowledge of C and a little bit Assembly is considered as pre-requisites.
We'll be testing a basic C code, that Squares a number '10' and displays it on the screen.
From the Comparison above its quite trivial to note the differences :-
The size of the “Function.c” bytecode is 9 bytes more than that of “Macros.c” bytecode.2. Instructions
We are 12 instructions in Function.c:main, while we are using 10 instructions in Macros.c:main.The differences is mainly because we are actually wasting 2 instructions, 1st to load the 'esp' with the input and 2nd to Call the function. Why? Because in Macros.c, the Preprocessor actually hardcodes "10*10", instead of calling a function.
That's all for this article stay tuned for more.
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