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techexplorer 10Jun2010 10:42

Web X.0
The Web has become the most significant technology of the 21st century. The nature and structure of the Web, as well as the way we use it, have been continuously changing. The Web evolution is huge that we have started to place the evolution—past, current, and anticipated—into different stages as Web 1.0 (the traditional Web), Web 2.0, Web 3.0, and so on.

The Web's evolution, which we call Web X.0, or Web X.Y, movement, is aimed at harnessing the potential of the Web in a more interactive and collaborative manner with an emphasis on social interaction. It is also aimed at facilitating collaboration and leveraging the collective intelligence of peers, as well as of collective information available on the Web by judicious use of old and new Web technologies in new ways.

Web X.0: What Does it Represent

We can set the ongoing Web's evolution into stages: Web 1.0, Web 2.0, Web 3.0, and Web 4.0. One way of identifying them based on what they do and who or what is at the core of their action. The first stage, Web 1.0, is about connecting information; Web 2.0 is about connecting people; Web 3.0 is about integrating data, knowledge, and applications on the Web and putting them to work in ways that make the Web more meaningful and about making Web as a collaborative platform; and Web 4.0 is about harnessing the power of human and machine intelligence on a ubiquitous Web, where both people and computers not only interact, but also reason and assist each other in smart ways.

Web 1.0

The traditional Web—now called Web 1.0 – is primarily a one-way publishing medium. The primary objective has been to publish information for easy access by anyone using a standard Web browser through the Internet. Subsequently, it was put to use for commercial applications and online transactions giving birth to the emergence of electronic commerce, or e-commerce. Foundations for the Web were set in this phase. The major developments and advancements were protocols such as HTTP, markup languages such as HTML and XML, Web-centric languages such as Java and JavaScript, Web browsers, Web development platforms and tools, the creation of Web sites academic activities, the use of the Web for commercial purposes for the first time, emergence of some new innovative Web business models, and the growth of Web portals. Web 1.0 has been, and is, information-centric.

Web 2.0

Web 2.0 allows - and encourages - all the users to create, share, and distribute information and images. In fact, Web 2.0 has caused a social revolution in the use of Web, and caused a paradigm shift from being a publishing medium to a participative medium. In other words, Web 2.0 technologies and applications have democratized the Web. Hence, it can be called as democratic Web.

Web 2.0 encompasses Web technologies and services, such as blogs, social networking sites, wikis, communication tools, and folksonomies that emphasize sharing of content among users and online collaboration. It is also a highly interactive, dynamic application platform for fielding new kinds of applications.

Although Web 2.0 began simply as a consumer phenomenon, attracting numerous users for, and contributors to, blogs, social networks, and online information resources like Wikipedia, it has significantly impacted other application areas as well. In the last five years, a wide array of Web 2.0 applications was deployed for business and societal use, and many innovative online services have emerged - some of them are offered free to users. Many enterprises are reaping significant benefits from Web 2.0 by harnessing it for product development, market research, competitive intelligence gathering, and revenue generation.

Web 3.0

In 2006, John Markoff, in an article published in The New York Times in 2006, called the next phase in the Web's evolution, Web 3.0. Web 3.0 refers to a third generation of Web technologies and services that emphasize a machine-facilitated understanding of information on the Web in order to facilitate information aggregation and to offer a more productive and intuitive user experience. Web 3.0 is also called Semantic Web or meaningful Web. Under the umbrella of Semantic Web and Web 3.0, currently, significant developments are taking place and new Web 3.0 applications have begun to emerge.

Web 4.0

While Web 3.0 is advancing and is marching toward main stream adoption soon, we name the next phase in Web's evolution Web 4.0, or "Web X.0." The objective of Web 4.0 is to add it further sophistication and higher levels of intelligence. For instance, in a Web 4.0 application, your software agent(s) roaming on the Internet or simply residing on your computer could reason and communicate with other such agents and systems and work collaboratively to accomplish things on your behalf. Web 4.0 is also known as "intelligent Web" or "smart Web."


Exploring and Embracing Web 3.0

Web 3.0 represents the evolution of Web usage and interaction along several separate paths. For instance, Web 3.0 is about "transforming the Web into a database, a move towards making content accessible by multiple non-browser applications, the leveraging of artificial intelligence technologies, the Semantic Web, the Geospatial Web, or the 3D (three-dimensional) Web."

According to another similar perspective, Web 3.0 is "the Semantic Web; a 3D Web; a media-centric Web; a pervasive Web; a large database presented as Web pages; or a combination of all of these (Metz, 2007; Murugesan, 2007)".

Semantic Web:- Providing better connections between blocks of information, the Semantic Web facilitates software applications that can anticipate what you really want to know or do. For example, when you read about a film on the Web, you can immediately get links to a lot of related content and services.

3D Web:- This enables you to present three-dimensional images on the Web and thereby to create virtual worlds. The Web as a 3D space presents several opportunities for new services, including new ways of living virtually online.

Media-centric Web:- This refers to an advanced, media-rich Web. Among other things, it might allow you to find media from media, also known as a "visual search." For example, by presenting a photo of a building or your favorite painting to a search engine, you can get several photos that are similar to the one you presented to the search engine. Similarly, you could retrieve an entire song from a search engine when you present a small section of the song.

Pervasive Web:- The Internet and Web will become more pervasive as many gadgets and household items such as TVs, refrigerators, microwaves, and heaters are connected to the Internet and have a built-in Web browser for Web access.

Database as Web pages:- We can access and manage a database as Web pages openly and easily. We can also have control over our data through the Web pages.

Web 3.0 is also seen as contextual Web that is "increasingly verticalized by context, and the relevant content, community, and commerce elements are successfully mashed up ‘in context’" augmented by vertical or contextual search and personalization (Mitra, 2007). Rolling up these six elements as Web 3.0 open ups a whole set of new, personalized applications such as smart, virtual, personal shopping assistant, as outlined by Mitra (2007).

As this author summarized in his report (Murugesan, 2007), “Web 3.0 is not just the Semantic Web. Neither is Web 3.0 just a collection of virtual worlds, nor is it the mobile Web. It is possibly an entry-level Semantic Web that can be visualized by virtual worlds and accessed through desktops, as well as handheld devices such as mobile phones, PDAs, and pocket PCs. For this vision to be realized, however, several new developments must take place. These developments include embedding of semantic specification into virtual worlds and the interpretation and specification of semantics through mobile devices, cross-site ID recognition, and cross-site identification about authority of information.

Web 3.0 is Gaining Momentum

Web 3.0 has begun to gain momentum and will eventually succeed, as it holds many benefits. The lesson of Web 2.0 technologies is that developers and users can now apply new technologies and applications in surprisingly new ways. We are already seeing businesses using Semantic Web technologies in interesting and unexpected ways.

As Spivack (2007) observes, Web 3.0 "will manifest in several ways. In many cases, it will improve applications and services we already use. So for example, we will see semantic social networks, semantic search, semantic groupware, semantic CMS, semantic CRM, semantic e-mail, and many other semantic versions of apps we use today."

We will see major advances in the personalization of Web applications and the use of smart software agents to help users manage the complexity of their digital lives. In the search arena, search engines will get smarter; among other things, they will start to not only answer questions, but they will also accept commands.

We will also see big improvements in integration and data and account portability between different Web applications. Web 3.0, if it emerges as it promises, does represent paradigm shift. It will usher new era in integrating and aggregating information. The way that information is found, data is analyzed, and Web applications are built is going to change radically because of these new technologies. Researchers and businesses should start investigating these technologies and figuring out how to best leverage them to their advantage.

As we move on to embrace Web 3.0, we might encounter a new kind of security threat, known as semantic attack. Semantic attacks target the way we assign meaning to content and can become serious. For instance, falsifying input into a computer process can be much more devastating. Imagine the effects of, for instance: airplanes delayed or rerouted by the feeding of bad information into the air traffic control system; process control computers being fooled by falsified inputs; or a successful semantic attack on a financial database. We need to develop and implement safeguards against semantic attacks in addition to what we currently do to protect against physical and syntactic attacks.

shabbir 10Jun2010 11:20

Re: Web X.0
Make sure you do not put all CAPS font in heading.

techexplorer 10Jun2010 14:04

Re: Web X.0
Sorry..i wnt do it again....

shabbir 4Jul2010 12:04

Re: Web X.0
Nominate this article for Article of the month - Jun 2010

jhon567 9Jul2010 21:32

Web X.o

Everyone, Nice post about web x.0.

jhon567 9Jul2010 21:33

Website Design

Everyone, is there any person who help me?
Please tell me that there is any software that help me for the website design?

shabbir 17Jul2010 15:14

Re: Web X.0
Vote for this Article for Article of the month - Jun 2010

Lulugreen 26May2011 08:44

Re: Web X.0
It is a particular post! You can learn lots of points about Web X.0.

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