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want C programs for these problems

Discussion in 'C' started by priya7, Aug 21, 2007.

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  1. priya7

    priya7 New Member

    Aug 21, 2007
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    Stacks and Queues for Day Two:
    Stack is abstract data type where elements inserted into stack using push model
    until entire stack is full. Elements/values can be removed using pop operation
    until entire stack is empty. This is a data type where last inserted elements are
    removed first.
    Stacks can be implemented in multiple ways, since stacks are considered
    abstract there is no implementation of stack data type in C or C++ (java does
    have a stack data type).
    There are many applications of this stack in day to day life. All the operations
    which do not have conditions like time frame or costs are executed using stack
    data structure.
    Toy Problem for Stacks:
    Let us implement stacks in C. We need to create user defined data type called
    stack. Also we need to create operations involving around this stack. We might
    as well create stacks using arrays but how do we remove a memory location?
    So this task implementing stacks using Linked Lists (Structure). Create linked
    list structure. Let us call the linked list as stack which can be represented with
    following structure:
    Create functions called push and pop. Notice when we insert an element into
    stack (top element) we are basically inserting values in first node. When we pop
    an element from stack we are removing element in the first node. Please be
    careful about memory allocation and handling the first node.
    Task on Stack Data Structure:
    Write a C program to calculate total sales and report transactions done by a coke
    vending machine. Soft drink (coke) tins are added into the vending machine one
    on top of the other. Each tin contains batch number, tin number, price for each
    tin. Money is accumulated when users buy the coke tins. Usually the tins on top
    are dispensed. Machine would no longer accept currency when stack is empty.
    typedef struct StackDataStructure{
    int value;
    struct StackDataStructure *nextStackElement;
    1. Print out price, batch number and tin number when a can is popped out of
    2. Push method would add values of batch and tin number to the stack.
    3. Calculate total sales.
    Queue is another abstract data structure which works exactly like a stack. In real
    world applications queues are mostly time bounded, so first come person/job
    gets served first like queue in banks, queue to board a train etc. The first person
    is called front of the queue (the most likely person to get served) and the last
    person is called rear.
    Just like stack a queue does not have data type in C or C++ (java on other hand
    has queue implementation in the language).
    Toy problem on queue:
    Let us create user defined data type in C using structures; we try to implement
    queues using linked lists.
    Create front and rear nodes. Initially when both front and rear nodes are NULL
    that means queue is empty. When we insert elements in queue front becomes
    the first node (for the first element rear is equal to front). More elements are
    added to the queue as rear. Deletion/Pop operation happens only to from
    Write a C program to implement above mentioned scenario.
    Task on Queue:
    When was the last time you visited a railway reservation counter? Assuming the
    south central railway decides to stream line their customer management at
    reservation counters (so that all the passengers get equal and right full services).
    They decided upon a token system where users are required to collect token
    when they enter reservation office. Multiple counters in the reservation office
    would display token numbers on LCD/monitor corresponding to the counter.
    typedef struct QueueDataType{
    int value;
    struct QueueDataType *nextQueueElement;
    } Queue;
    Separate counters are installed for ladies, senior citizens and people with
    payments using credit cards. During token collection user chooses between L,
    S, C, and G options corresponding to ladies, senior citizens, credit card payers
    and general/other passengers.
    Each teller at a counter has next button, upon press the system should display
    next token number based on token collected by the passengers. Software
    should be able to deploy any where in the country only variable factor here is
    number of counters. Bigger the station, higher the number of counters. Stations
    with fewer counters can combine L/S/C into one option (called S means special).
    How to solve?
    1. Write a structure to handle counter related information as
    2. Set initial counter values like G001 (general), L001 (ladies), S001
    (seniors), C001 (credit cards) or SP001 (for special) as token numbers.
    3. When the tokens are generated they are added to queue. We should need
    separate queues based on number of special counters (of smaller stations
    they might need only two queues; one for general and other for special).
    4. Numbers of queues are not proportional to number of counters. Consider
    scenario of four counters for general and one counter for special.
    5. Create structure for counter. Each counter can be represented as variable
    for this structure:
    typedef struct RailwayCounter{
    char currentToken[10]; //token number
    char counterType; // l,g,c,s
    typedef struct Station{
    int numberOfCounters;
    int enableLadiesCounter; //0 or 1
    int enableSeniorsCounter; //0 or 1
    int enableCreditCardCounter; //0 or 1
    int enableSpecialCounter;
    /* 0 or 1 special is enabled only when other privileged counters are combined. */
    } ReservationOffice;
    6. Based on number of counters in ReservationOffice we create Counter
    7. Write method called char* nextToken(Counter c); which will return next
    token number from the queue.
    8. At the end the program should log all the token numbers inside a file with
    tab as delimiter.
    9. Deliverables for this program would be:
    a. Methods to create a new reservation office
    b. Methods to choose and add passenger choice in the main queue
    c. Queue program to manage and dispense token numbers to
    appropriate counters.
    d. Managing special/ladies etc. queues separately
    e. Store all the counter information into a file.
    Evaluation Criteria:
    1. Toy Problem in stacks 15%
    2. Task on stacks 35%
    3. Toy Problem in queue 10%
    4. Task on queue 40%
  2. shabbir

    shabbir Administrator Staff Member

    Jul 12, 2004
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