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Formatting dates in MySQL server query

Discussion in 'MySQL' started by pradeep, Nov 25, 2006.

  1. pradeep

    pradeep Team Leader

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    Introduction



    Sometimes we need to get a formatted date while getting the date from a MySQL database using a SQL query. Fortunately, MySQL has an in-built function called DATE_FORMAT which will help us to acheive the same.

    Code:
    DATE_FORMAT(date,format)

    What is what??



    Here are the format specifiers and their description:
    Code:
    Specifier	Description
     =============================
     %a		Abbreviated weekday name (Sun..Sat)		
     %b		Abbreviated month name (Jan..Dec)		
     %c		Month, numeric (0..12)		
     %D		Day of the month with English suffix (0th, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, ...)		
     %d		Day of the month, numeric (00..31)		
     %e		Day of the month, numeric (0..31)		
     %f		Microseconds (000000..999999)		
     %H		Hour (00..23)		
     %h		Hour (01..12)		
     %I		Hour (01..12)		
     %i		Minutes, numeric (00..59)		
     %j		Day of year (001..366)		
     %k		Hour (0..23)		
     %l		Hour (1..12)		
     %M		Month name (January..December)		
     %m		Month, numeric (00..12)		
     %p		AM or PM		
     %r		Time, 12-hour (hh:mm:ss followed by AM or PM)		
     %S		Seconds (00..59)		
     %s		Seconds (00..59)		
     %T		Time, 24-hour (hh:mm:ss)		
     %U		Week (00..53), where Sunday is the first day of the week		
     %u		Week (00..53), where Monday is the first day of the week		
     %V		Week (01..53), where Sunday is the first day of the week; used with %X		
     %v		Week (01..53), where Monday is the first day of the week; used with %x		
     %W		Weekday name (Sunday..Saturday)		
     %w		Day of the week (0=Sunday..6=Saturday)		
     %X		Year for the week where Sunday is the first day of the week, numeric, 4 digits; used with %V		
     %x		Year for the week, where Monday is the first day of the week, numeric, 4 digits; used with %v		
     %Y		Year, numeric, 4 digits		
     %y		Year, numeric, 2 digits		
     %%		A literal `%'.   

    Example usage:

    Code:
    SELECT DATE_FORMAT(doj,'%D of %M, %Y') FROM em_table;
     // will return
     26th of June, 1978
     

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