Formatting dates in MySQL server query

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This is an article on Formatting dates in MySQL server query in MySQL.

Introduction



Sometimes we need to get a formatted date while getting the date from a MySQL database using a SQL query. Fortunately, MySQL has an in-built function called DATE_FORMAT which will help us to acheive the same.

Code:
DATE_FORMAT(date,format)

What is what??



Here are the format specifiers and their description:
Code:
Specifier	Description
 =============================
 %a		Abbreviated weekday name (Sun..Sat)		
 %b		Abbreviated month name (Jan..Dec)		
 %c		Month, numeric (0..12)		
 %D		Day of the month with English suffix (0th, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, ...)		
 %d		Day of the month, numeric (00..31)		
 %e		Day of the month, numeric (0..31)		
 %f		Microseconds (000000..999999)		
 %H		Hour (00..23)		
 %h		Hour (01..12)		
 %I		Hour (01..12)		
 %i		Minutes, numeric (00..59)		
 %j		Day of year (001..366)		
 %k		Hour (0..23)		
 %l		Hour (1..12)		
 %M		Month name (January..December)		
 %m		Month, numeric (00..12)		
 %p		AM or PM		
 %r		Time, 12-hour (hh:mm:ss followed by AM or PM)		
 %S		Seconds (00..59)		
 %s		Seconds (00..59)		
 %T		Time, 24-hour (hh:mm:ss)		
 %U		Week (00..53), where Sunday is the first day of the week		
 %u		Week (00..53), where Monday is the first day of the week		
 %V		Week (01..53), where Sunday is the first day of the week; used with %X		
 %v		Week (01..53), where Monday is the first day of the week; used with %x		
 %W		Weekday name (Sunday..Saturday)		
 %w		Day of the week (0=Sunday..6=Saturday)		
 %X		Year for the week where Sunday is the first day of the week, numeric, 4 digits; used with %V		
 %x		Year for the week, where Monday is the first day of the week, numeric, 4 digits; used with %v		
 %Y		Year, numeric, 4 digits		
 %y		Year, numeric, 2 digits		
 %%		A literal `%'.

Example usage:

Code:
SELECT DATE_FORMAT(doj,'%D of %M, %Y') FROM em_table;
 // will return
 26th of June, 1978