Engineering Concepts Tutorials

Engineering Concepts Tutorials for UML, Operations Research, Numerical Methods and many more.
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Adware Adware is any computer program or software package in which advertisements or other marketing material are included with or automatically loaded by the software and displayed or played back after installation. The justification for adware is that it helps recover programming...
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TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol), the suite of communications protocols used to connect hosts on the Internet. TCP/IP uses several protocols, the two main ones being TCP and IP. TCP/IP is built into the UNIX operating system and is used by the Internet, making it the de...
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Introduction A VLAN is a grouping of computers that is logically segmented by functions, project teams, or applications without regard to the physical location of users. For example, several end stations might be grouped as a department, such as Engineering or Accounting, having the same...
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Introduction and background Computer viruses tend to grab our attention. On the one hand, viruses show us how vulnerable we are. A properly engineered virus can have an amazing effect on the worldwide Internet. On the other hand, they show how sophisticated and interconnected human beings have...
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Continuation from Denail of Service (DoS) by Pradeep. Have you ever tried to make a telephone call but couldn't because all the telephone circuits were busy? In fact, in India, telephone companies used to air commercials on television and radio that suggested you avoid peak calling times by...
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OOP OOP is the abbreviation for Object orientated programming. OOP is a paradigm which defines the way a developer structures software into objects. Because such objects often correlate to real existing articles or procedures, it is often easier to read and less complicated to manage A type...
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In mathematical numeral systems, the base or radix is usually the number of various unique digits, including zero, that a positional numeral system uses to represent numbers. For example, the decimal system, the most common system in use today, uses base ten, hence the maximum number a single digit...
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SPF or Sender Policy Framework is a system created to prevent e-mail spam & e-mail spoofing. It does so by verifying the sender's IP address is a authorized one for the domain the mail is originating from. SPF requires domain admins to add DNS TXT or SPF records specifying hosts/IPs allowed to...
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In the early days of computers, memories were small & expensive. In those days the programmer spent a lot of time trying to squeeze programs into the tiny memory. Often it was necessary to use an algorithm that ran a great deal slower than another, better algorithm simply because the better...
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This is known to all that AMD is the only one competitor of Intel’s market. In this “Dual-Core” era of CPU’s AMD is going to launch their APU or Accelerated Processing Unit in this year. Not only AMD Intel is also working with this architecture and hopefully they will also release their new...
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Cryptography is "Art of writing or hiding secret". It is a science of protecting the information from theft or unauthorized access. To do so, important or confidential information is hided as or converted to some other form of gibberish data. Now original information can be recovered only by the...
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The article extends the Cryptography concepts to explain the Symmetric Key encryption. Additionally, it throws light on the capabilities of Symmetric key encryption and its operational modes. Symmetric-Key encryption Symmetric key cryptography is encrypting or decrypting message using a...
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The Bouncy Castle Crypto APIs is a set of implementations of cryptographic concepts and algorithms. Bouncy Castle APIs are developed in both Java and C#. These APIs can be freely downloaded from the Bouncy Castle home page. Let us have a glance at some of the important type of implementations...
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Advanced Encryption Standard is a block cipher symmetric encryption algorithm. It is preferred to protect network communications, personal data etc using AES over DES. It encrypts or decrypts the data through several rounds. Categorization It is categorized under three types of key sizes –...
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In the earlier articles, we came across the concepts of RSA algorithm in Public Key cryptography. Being a generic topic, it can be implemented in security applications of variant technologies. We shall see the implementation of RSA algorithm using C#. RSA Encryption RSA Encryption can be...
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It might happen that your hard disk died on you, or the DVD backup you had does not read correctly. Generally, CD & DVD media retain data correctly for a few years (or more, depending on the quality of the media), after which data loss starts slowly with read errors increasing from the outer tracks...
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DKIM stands for DomainKeys Identified Mail, it helps associate a domain with an email message to help prove the authenticity of the message. DKIM is a successor of DomainKeys developed by Yahoo!, it was deprecated in 2007 but some providers still use it. DKIM was created by an informal group and...
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Git is popular distributed version control system, it was developed by inventor of Linux, Linus Torvalds. Git has been gaining huge popularity in the ope-source community as well as in the corporate world due to it's distributed nature and efficiency. I had a written a few articles on Git to...
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I have tried introducing people to Git VCS, both personally and through by articles at G4E, I have written 2 articles, Introduction to Git VCS & Git VCS - Cloning & Workflow, in this article Get A List Of Files Modified Between Two Commits At times working on a feature or an enhancement of an...
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APNS or Apple Push Notification Service, is service for Apple devices like iPhone, iPad & iPod to send 3rd party notifications to devices. It was launched with iOS version 3.0, it's very helpful for the app developers as they do not have to frequently poll for updates, instead they can submit the...
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