Engineering Concepts Tutorials

Engineering Concepts Tutorials for UML, Operations Research, Numerical Methods and many more.
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So, what is a cipher anyway? A cipher is an algorithm or set of algorithms that systematically convert a sender's intended message text to what appears to be meaningless text, which can be converted back to the sender's original message only by authorized recipients. The following terms and...
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We found it necessary to devote a chapter to Trojans. Trojan's are probably the most compromising of all types of attacks. Trojans are being released by the hundreds every week, each more cleverly designed that the other. We all know the story of the Trojan horse probably the greatest strategic...
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Newspapers Internet magazines came with cover stories when Denial of service (DoS) attacks assaulted a number of large and very successful companies' websites last year. Those who claim to provide security tools were under attack. If Yahoo, Amazon, CNN and Microsoft feel victim to DoS attacks, can...
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DoS Attack DoS stand for denial-of-service attack, a type of attack on a network that is designed to bring the network to its knees by flooding it with useless traffic. DDoS Attack DDoS stands for Distributed Denial of Service. It is an attack where multiple...
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Introduction The way we make phone calls is changing. In fact in many circumstances things have already changed. Take long distance calls for instance, many service providers are already using a technology called Voice Over IP or VOIP for short. If you have never heard of VOIP before, then the...
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If you have used a computer for more than five minutes, then you have heard the words bits and bytes. Both RAM and hard disk capacities are measured in bytes, as are file sizes when you examine them in a file viewer. You might hear an advertisement that says, "This computer has a 32-bit...
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In a single processor multiprogramming system the processor switches between the various jobs until to finish the execution of all jobs. These jobs will share the processor time to get the simultaneous execution. Here the overhead is involved in switching back and forth between processes. ...
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In the earlier articles, we came across the concepts of RSA algorithm in Public Key cryptography. Being a generic topic, it can be implemented in security applications of variant technologies. We shall see the implementation of RSA algorithm using C#. RSA Encryption RSA Encryption can be...
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The Bouncy Castle Crypto APIs is a set of implementations of cryptographic concepts and algorithms. Bouncy Castle APIs are developed in both Java and C#. These APIs can be freely downloaded from the Bouncy Castle home page. Let us have a glance at some of the important type of implementations...
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One of the most common procedures that occurs in computer programs is the copying of data. An object is a composite data type in object-oriented programming languages. Object copy thus describes the action wherein an object has its attributes copied to another object of the same data type. An...
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TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol), the suite of communications protocols used to connect hosts on the Internet. TCP/IP uses several protocols, the two main ones being TCP and IP. TCP/IP is built into the UNIX operating system and is used by the Internet, making it the de...
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Introduction SSL shorts for Secure Sockets Layer, a protocol developed by Netscape for transmitting private documents via the Internet. SSL works by using a public key to encrypt data that's transferred over the SSL connection. Both Netscape Navigator and Internet Explorer support SSL, and many...
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In this article, we will learn about the available formats of Digital certificate, their purpose and some of the technical commands used for requesting and issuing the certificates. We shall use OpenSSL, which is an open source toolkit for performing cryptographic operations Common...
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Hi All ! we all use browsers, different kinds of browsers, to surf the internet. But do we know what makes a browser work ? How do a browser come to know that when to show which color or when to show which kind of style of text ? We can say we give instructions by using HTML or DHTML or...
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The Web has become the most significant technology of the 21st century. The nature and structure of the Web, as well as the way we use it, have been continuously changing. The Web evolution is huge that we have started to place the evolution—past, current, and anticipated—into different stages as...
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What is a firewall? A firewall protects networked computers from intentional hostile intrusion that could compromise confidentiality or result in data corruption or denial of service. It may be a hardware device running on a secure host computer. In either case, it must have at least...
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A binary-safe function is a function or operation that can be performed on a binary file without modifying the contents of the file. This ensures that the file is not corrupted or mutilated by the function or operation. Binary data is encoded as a string of ones and zeros (bits), but is not...
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In this article, we will go through a simple example to demonstrate Encryption and Decryption techniques using Triple DES algorithms. We will use Bouncy Castle APIs for performing below steps. Encryption steps - Select an input message - Input message can be in the form of a string which the...
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Hard Drives are one of the most important parts on your computer. They are also one of the most expensive. All hard drives share a basic structure and are composed of the same physical features. However, not all hard drives perform the same way, as the quality of the parts of the hard drive will...
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Introduction Now-a-days mobiles are the signal of our presence! If we switched off our cell phone then we will be de-touched from the world! Now if such a important thing is affected by a virus or stopped working then? My purpose of writing this article is to let you know about some back...
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