C++ Programming Tutorials

C++ Programming Tutorials And Articles
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There are three techniques used to pass variables into a C or C++ functions. Pass by value C/C++ Pass a pointer by value C/C++ Pass by reference C++ only Pass by value The function receives a copy of the variable. This local copy has scope, that is, exists only within the function....
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Introduction Variables are seen as memory cells that can be accessed using their identifiers. This way we did not have to care about the physical location of our data within memory, we simply used its identifier whenever we wanted to refer to our variable. The memory of your computer can be...
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Three major concepts of C++ are Classes, Polymorphism, Inheritance.Let us discuss them in details. Classes A class is the implementation of an abstract data type. It defines attributes and methods which implement the data structure and operations of the abstract data type, respectively....
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Introduction To Binary Trees A binary tree is made of nodes, where each node contains a "left" pointer, a "right" pointer, and a data element. The "root" pointer points to the topmost node in the tree. The left and right pointers recursively point to smaller "subtrees" on either side. A null...
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Virtual Destructor Virtual Destructor is used to release the derived class objects in a proper order.... Consider an Example: #include<iostream.h> class Base
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Annotation. Program errors occurring while porting C++ code from 32-bit platforms on 64-bit ones are observed. Examples of the incorrect code and the ways to correct it are given. Methods and means of the code analysis which allow to diagnose the errors discussed, are listed. This text is an...
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Introduction This talks about Virtual Friend Function in C++. Background Friend functions are not in-herited in C++. So, to achieve dynamic binding with friend functions, we have to make the interfaces as virtual (make it as protected part of class) to operate within the friend function....
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Introduction This article talks a little bit about Smart Pointer conepts and then move on to Reference Counting. Then there is a smaple code to implement the same. Background Smart pointer or auto-pointer is a simple wrapper around a regular pointer, provides all meaningful operations to...
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Abstract Introduction 1. Potential errors 2. How it all begun 3. Phantoms 4. Diagnosis of potential errors Conclusion References
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Introduction Many times you may have wondered how to return several values from a C++ function. I know it's easy for most of you when you know "how many" values your func is going to return. I have seen many people use std::pair to return two values from a func. But what about the case when you...
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Introduction List out all of the installed Windows Services In C++ The code #include <windows.h> #include <iostream.h> void ErrorDescription(DWORD p_dwError);
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Abstract Introduction The first step 64-bit mode can be different. Let's sort it out The second step. Find out if you need the 64-bit version of your product Applications' life-cycle duration Resource-intensiveness of an application Development of libraries Dependence of your product...
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Abstract Introduction Analysis of program code Examples of incorrect and vulnerable code Diagnosis of vulnerabilities in 64-bit code Conclusion References Abstract
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Introduction This article explains about Callbacks and implmentation of it using below 3 different methods: Static Functions Non-Static or Member Functions Functor or Function Objects. Background
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Introduction This article talks about Enumerated Data Types and set of guidelines in using them. Background Definition: An Enumerated Type is a user defined data type that maps set of names to numeric values called Enumerators. Enums are generally used when we know all the possible...
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In the previous article I explained you about the Templates in C++. C++ comes with the Standard Template Library, or STL, which includes many different types of containers, each with its own set of advantages (and disadvantages). The C++ Standard Template Library is a very large library of...
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To the programmers it is very common concept that bugs are of two types i.e logical errors and syntactic errors. Poor understanding of the problem and solution procedure leads to logical errors whereas, the syntactic errors arise due to poor understanding of the language itself. We can detect these...
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Find roots of any linear algebraic nth order equation by Regula Falsi method The Code #include <stdio.h> #include <conio.h> #include <math.h> #define ACC 0.00001 #define N 10
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We have all been using screensaver's since the time we first entered the world of computers. Everyone of us must have thought how one can make a screensaver of his/her own. Screensavers were originally meant to prevent damage to phosphorus coated computer screens. Now they are mostly used for...
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We know that C++11 added the feature of rvalue reference. Here assumption is that the reader is already familiar with rvalue and lvalue and their references. As we know that we declare rvalue reference with double ampersand like: int&& var1 = 10; // var1 is an rvalue reference variable means it...
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