C Programming Tutorials

C Programming Tutorials And Articles
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Signals are the interrupts. They are a way of providing asynchronous events. For example a user typing ctrl-c on terminal to stop a program. Most of the programs need to handle signals. Every signal has a name like SIGxxx. For example : SIGALRM is the alarm signal that is generated when the timer...
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A running instance of a program executable is known as a Process. A process when run can do various things like open some files, read/write some data, create some threads/processes, register some functions as callback in various scenarios etc. According to the logic, after the completion of the...
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There are a certain functions in C, which if used in a particular combination may cause problems. These problems are due to the conflicting behaviors of the functions. In this article, we will understand the problem caused by using one such combination of functions scanf() and fgets()/gets(). ...
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Most of the people working on Linux must have used the basic command 'ls'. I use it many times a day. It is a very useful command when it comes to displaying the contents of a directory and their properties. For those few who have still not used 'ls' its high time now, go to its man page, study it...
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Continuation of Developing Linux Utility like 'ls' in C series. In the first part we studied a code that was developed to behave like a basic ls utility. Here in this part I have extended the code to give output in alphabetical order. The code Here is the code : ...
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Recently I have been writing a lot on Linux files and functions related to file I/O. So, extending the discussion further in this article lets discuss two more important Linux functions : A) access(const char *pathname, int mode) This function checks whether the calling process can access...
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There are certain situations where you may want to limit your process's use of system resources like CPU or may want to put certain limitations on things like number of open file descriptors, maximum memory your process can allocate for its data etc. You may use commands like ulimit, sysconf etc to...
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I have been writing many articles on C/Linux explaining concepts, APIs and their usage etc. This time I thought to write on a fundamental concept that every newbie should be well aware of in order to become a good coder, ie 'Good coding practices'. I have 3-4 broader level points to make here. I'll...
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If you are a developer then you would definitely be aware of the concept of temporary files. Temporary files, as the name suggest is temporary in its persistence. Either a process creates a temporary file to hold data for certain time or to pass information to another process. An ideal process...
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This article is the Part-II (Part-I here) of the series where in we are focusing on good coding practices. In the Part-I we discussed the importance of the assert macro/function for detecting and debugging bugs in program. In this part we will focus on good coding practices while dealing with...
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Two of my friends faced a problem with writing a program which finds the LCM(Lowest Common Multiple)/GCD(Greatest Common Divisor) of two positive integers, so I helped them out by writing two functions for each. I thought many others might be having the same problem. So here are the functions:...
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Comma-separated expressions were inherited from C. It's likely that you use such expressions in for- and while-loops rather often. Yet, the language rules in this regard are far from being intuitive. First, let's see what a comma separated expression is. An expression may consist of one or...
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When a process terminates abnormally it usually tries to send a signal indicating what went wrong. C programs (and UNIX) can trap these for diagnostics. Also user specified communication can take place in this way. Signals are software generated interrupts that are sent to a process when a...
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Refer to the recent articles on Understanding File Handling Functions in C & Understanding Advance File Handling Functions in C C communicates with files using a new datatype called a file pointer. This type is defined within stdio.h, and written as FILE *. A file pointer called output_file is...
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Calculating the factorial of a number is a basic excercise while learning to program in C, many of us have done it iteratively, it can also be done recursively. I am posting both iterative and recursive versions below. /* Recursive Version */ unsigned int recursive_factorial(int n) ...
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A friend of mine who is learning to program in C, was having diffculty in writing a program to find the sum of all the prime numbers between a specified limit (in her case 3-60). I helped her out with the program, and I thought I'll post it here which might help others. /* ** Program to...
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When I was learning to C, our proffessor had given us a problem where we had to enter a number into a sorted array so that the array remains sorted even after the insertion. So, I tried it yesterday, here's the code for it. /* ** To insert an inputed number into a previously sorted...
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C program to check whether a year is a leap year or not. /* ** C program to check whether an entered year is a leap year or not ** @author: Pradeep ** @date: 02/12/06 */ #include<stdio.h>
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One of my friends, who is learning to program in C, asked me about how to write a program which checks an inputed string is a palindrome or not, without using the header file string.h So here's the solution. #include <stdio.h> void main(void) { char str; int len=0,i=0,j,flag=1;
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Introduction After a long hiatus, I am back. Months without programming and then finally I got some time on my hands. So I set out to code the Huffman's Data Compression Algorithm. And the result is here! :D The code is well-commented and I hav given some additional documentation. Also, I...
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